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Panel Discussion on Clinical Supervision

Panel Discussion

Clinical Supervision Model for Training Clinical Psychologists in Hong Kong
Workshop on Clinical Supervision: A Competency-based Approach

HKADCP December 9, 2018

Clinical Supervision Model for Training Clinical Psychologists in Hong Kong



This video clip is an excerpt of the expert panel discussion section of the professional workshop – “Clinical Supervision – A Competency-based Approach”, organized by the Hong Kong Association of Doctors in Clinical Psychology (HKADCP) on December 9, 2018. 

The supervision model for training clinical psychologists (CP) in Hong Kong was discussed in the panel discussion.  

The content of this video provides important implications on the clinical training standards for the AR scheme for the CP profession in HK.


(Panelists' profiles with details are provided at the end of this page)

Dr. Carol Falender, PhD
World leading scholar on competency-based supervision model.

Dr. Tien Liang, PsyD, ABPP
Professor and Program Director, California School of Professional Psychology, Hong Kong Campus, Alliant International University (AIU-CSPP-HK)

Dr. Diane Zelman, PhD
Full professor, California School of Professional Psychology, Hong Kong Campus, Alliant International University (AIU-CSPP)

Reference Materials and Summary of the Panel Comments


The panel discussion was based on two mass media broadcasts:

  1. The excerpt of a TV program produced by the RTHK – The November 9, 2014 episode of the “Hong Kong Connection”  (鏗鏘集 2014-11-9 節目: 心之所安)

    The RTHK video can be reviewed from the following link on YouTube, it starts at 14min:15sec from the beginning and ends at 15min:30sec. (Time: 14 mins : 15 sec to 15 mins : 30 sec)

    In this video, a clinical supervision model claimed to be adopted by the University of Hong Kong and the Chinese University of Hong Kong in their CP training programs, was demonstrated and explained by a CP supervisor and a trainee receiving training in a hospital setting. 

    The particular supervision model shown in the RTHK video, in which the supervisor sits next to the supervisee during supervision, observing and correcting the supervisee whilst the supervisee is providing service to clients (“in-room supervision”),  should be distinguished from the “on-site supervision” commonly recognized by international standards.

  2. Commercial Radio One – 19 July 2018 episode of the “On a Clear Day” (在晴朗的一天出發)

    The radio program can be reviewed online with the following link by registering as a subscribed member with Commercial Radio One

    The hosts of the program in this episode interviewed guest speakers from HKADCP. The subject of the interview was on the training standards for the Accredited Registers Scheme for the CP profession. Dr. Rachael Poon, the Chairperson of the Division of Clinical Psychology, Hong Kong Psychological Society (HKPS-DCP), phoned in to the program to express her views on clinical supervision for CPs. Dr. Poon confirmed again the position of HKPS-DCP on the importance of “In-room supervision”, in which the supervisor needs to be present with the supervisee in meeting with clients, in order to correct the supervisee when necessary. She claimed that this being an essential requirement for CP training, especially for conducting standardized intelligence assessments using verbatim instructions.

    The panel speakers disagreed with HKPS-DCP chairperson’s suggestions on using in-room supervision in administering intelligence tests. Such model seriously deviates from the standardized procedures stipulated in the test manuals and would invalidate the results of the tests being administered.

Profiles of Panelists


Dr. Carol Falender
Carol Falender, Ph.D. is the world’s leading scholar on the competency-based supervision model. She is the co-author/co-editor of several prominent books on clinical supervision including “Supervision Essentials for the Practice of Competency-Based Supervision (APA, 2017) “ and multiple journal articles and chapters.  She chaired the Supervision Guidelines Task Force of the Board of Educational Affairs (BEA) of APA and was a member of the Supervision Guidelines Group of the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB).  She directed American Psychological Association (APA) accredited internship programs at child and family guidance clinics for over twenty years.  She is past Chair of the Los Angeles County Psychological Association (LACPA) Ethics Committee.  She teaches at Pepperdine University, and in the UCLA Department of Psychology. She was the recipient of 2018 Distinguished Career Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology Award from the American Psychological Association.  Please visit for further information regarding the speaker.

Dr. Tien Liang, ABPP
Program Director and Professor of California School of Professional Psychology (Hong Kong Program), Alliant International University 

Dr. Liang Tien is a published author on ethics and an American Board of Professional Psychology certified and licensed psychologist from the state of Washington, US.  She is currently the program director and professor of California School of Professional Psychology (Hong Kong Program), Alliant International University.  She is also the current co-chair of the Ethics committee for Asian American Psychological Association.  She was the elected chair of the Washington State of Psychological Association’s Ethics Committee and the co-chair of the Examining Board of Psychology, Department of Health in the State of Washington.  Her professional expertise extends to areas of multicultural competency and training new psychologists.  In this capacity, she has published papers and given presentations at high-impact meetings such as the American Psychological Association Annual Conventions and the Annual Meeting of Delegates of the Association of State of Provincial Psychology Boards. 

Dr. Diane Zelman
Dr. Zelman is a full professor at CSPP of Alliant International University.  After 15 years as a core faculty member in the San Francisco PsyD and PhD programs, she joined the Hong Kong PsyD program, and has been travelling from California to Hong Kong to teach for ten years. She is a graduate of the clinical psychology program at the University of Wisconsin. She has earned a master's degree in psychopharmacology, and completed postdoctoral work in psychodynamic therapy and neuropsychology.  Prior to joining Alliant's faculty, she was a hospital-based neuropsychologist and clinical health psychologist and an adjunct faculty member at Palo Alto University. Her research interests include chronic pain, sleep, anxiety disorders and neuropsychology especially as they relate to culture. She is also a clinical faculty member at the Department of Family Medicine at University of California at San Francisco. In September 2019 she will join Alliant's PhD program faculty full-time in San Francisco. 

Clinical Supervision defined

Clinical supervision has been defined by Powell, D. &Brodsky A. (2004) as “a disciplined, tutorial process wherein principlesare transformed into practical skills,with four overlapping foci: administrative,evaluative, clinical and supportive.” In brief, for the purpose of this Scheme, it is an accountable and systematic process in which a senior clinical psychologists or/ and respectful professional peer psychologist as a supervisor provides to our clinical psychologist as a supervisee and a participating member of the Association a support and intervention with the aim of enhancing his or her professional functioning and core competence in terms of case management, clinical effectiveness, skills and professional development.

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